Research Methods in Foreign/Second Language Didactics


  • Andrzej Cirocki University of York
  • Aleksandra Arceusz Gdansk University



Research Methods, Didactics, Language Teaching, ESL


This article provides an analytical overview of relevant research methods in applied linguistics significant to teaching practitioners. In the canon of language teaching literature, there are numerous volumes presenting insightful analyses of research into  English as a foreign or second language (EFL/ESL) context. This article seeks to familiarize English language practitioners with comprehensive, practical, and straightforward coverage of applied linguistics research within the three research paradigms of qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods. The twenty-first century
challenges societies and systems with new demands and approaches, with schools and teachers being agents of those changes, responsible for their presentation, implementation and often evaluation. Teachers must have a good understanding of  such changes and should be prepared to put new knowledge into practice. This can be achieved when a teacher becomes a researcher, engaging themselves in various activities that lead to a better understanding of the processes, to reflection upon teaching, and finally, to the implementation of new practices: becoming researchers in
their own right.

Author Biographies

Andrzej Cirocki, University of York

Andrzej Cirocki is an Associate Lecturer in Language Education at the University of  York, UK, and Editor-in-Chief of The European Journal of Applied Linguistics and TEFL. He has been involved in TESOL since 1996. His main research interests include learner autonomy, L2 reading, classroom research and reflective practice. His latest book, Developing Learner Autonomy through Tasks: Theory, Research, Practice has been published by  LinguaBooks in the UK.

Aleksandra Arceusz, Gdansk University

Aleksandra Arceusz is an Assistant (EFL) in the Faculty of Languages of Gdansk University, Poland. She holds an MA in English philology (modern British drama) from Gdansk University. Her research interests include second language acquisition, language learning strategies, learner’s motivation and autonomy, portfolio in teacher
education, and computer assisted language learning (CALL).




How to Cite

Cirocki, A., & Arceusz, A. (2018). Research Methods in Foreign/Second Language Didactics. TEANGA, the Journal of the Irish Association for Applied Linguistics, 24, 1–19.